The countries in the countries in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean experience some of the coldest weather in the region. In fact the further north the Pacific reaches the more likely it is that parts of it will experience Sea Ice. The furthest point North is the Bering Sea which contains the Bering Strait which is the border between the USA and Russia. To be exact it touches the furthest western point of Alaska which is of course a State of America.
The furthest point west of Alaska is the Alaskan Peninsular and this 500 mile stretch of land separates the Ocean from Bristol Bay. The bay has several rivers draining into it from Alaska, and experiences the highest tides in the world which sometimes are as high as 10 metres. The Peninsular is a remote outcrop of land with highly inhospitable climatic conditions and it also experiences volcanic activity and earthquakes. It is however, home to a number of First Nation people who rely on fishing for their survival. The western coastline of Canada borders the northern part of the Pacific. This is the gateway to Canada’s wilderness. This part of the country contains Vancouver Island which is home to some of the rarest natural environments of the world.
This region is home to the coastal temperate rain forests and used to occupy greater areas until man harvested it for logging purposes. All of the area lies in the province of British Columbia which is in between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. The Rocky Mountains stretch from Northern Canada all the way down America to Mexico. They have been formed as a result of a number of plates under the Pacific sliding underneath the American plate causing folding and uplift which has produced this vast mountain ranges.
A number of major rivers flow from the Rockies in Canada in a westerly direction before entering into the Pacific. A number of these rivers have experienced glaciation and this has resulted in huge glaciers entering the ocean through ‘U’ shaped valleys. This has produced a spectacular landscape of Fjords blending in with a mountainous backdrop. Despite its remoteness more people are now visiting these areas to experience the splendid scenery that the region offers. These areas are now protected by Canada’s National parks as the country tries to protect these fragile ecosystems.
The area of Russia that borders the Pacific is North Asia, which is also known as Siberia. The region makes up 75% of the land mass of the country yet only contains 22% of its population. The coastline extends for 4,500 km and the climate is general arctic and sub-arctic. As well as Siberia bordering the Bering Sea, it also lies on the Okhotsk Sea. This is a marginal sea which is sited just south of the Bering Sea separated by the Kamchatka Peninsula. The Amur River drains into the bay and in the winter the reduction in the salinity of the sea water makes the area susceptible to freezing and sea ice.
Within the Sea’s area there are a number of Islands. Those in the far south of the Sea are controlled by the Japanese Government with all of the rest under Russian control. The ecosystems in this region mirror those that are found on the western coast of Canada, although if terms of relief this part of Russia is generally flatter in topography. The northern region of the Pacific contains some of the most inhospitable places on earth. However, this does not take away from the natural beauty of these regions, and despite the harsh climate more people are looking to visit the areas.